Recently a portal supported by social media and digital was introduced by the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Urban RISKLab. Portal with a name PetaBencana.id load maps of flood affected or potentially affected areas to user. However, the portal with CogniCity basis of
Open Source Software (OSS CogniCity) just displays maps of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, Bekasi (Jabodetabek), Surabaya and Bandung.
CogniCity OSS is a free and open platform for disaster management in major cities in South and Southeast Asia. The platform enables everyone to contribute in disaster management.
For an example in Jakarta Flood in February 2017, around 1.054 reports on water level were reported by the local residents. The reports were sent through some types of platform of social media, such as Qlue 804 reports, PasangMata detik.com 33, and Twitter and Telegram 217. These reports will be verified by PetaBencana team before publishing at the portal. Through such a process, available data is in real-time and accurate for user and local authorities.
It is a positive initiative to encourage participation among people in community to response potential flood or early warning.
The portal is very useful not only for the local residents but also expatriates and foreign tourists who wants to access information about flood. Through PetaBencana.id, we can access information about inundation in Jabodetabek, Surabaya and Bandung.
BNPB website mentions that user of social media and instant message is able to report easily flood situation in the neighborhood. Twitter user who tweet to @petabencana with #banjir and BencanaBot will automatically fill in a report form. Besides, Telegram user can report flood by sending a text message */banjir* to @BencanaBot. The user will be guided to fill the form. Of course, the user can add some information in the form such as description, photo, water level and detailed location.
Quated from the BNPB website, Head of Data, Information and Public Relations Centre BNPB Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said that targeted users of social media and digital for the portal, PetaBencana.id, is around 50 million people, Jabodetabek 31 million, Surabaya 10 million and Bandung 9 million.
Meanwhile, local resident or those living in coverage areas can access real-time flood information at http://www.petabencana.id/ .
Some parties that are involved in developing the portal are BNPB, MIT Urban RISKLab, Pacific Disaster Center and Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team.