What is EAS (East Asia Summit) Rapid Disaster Response Toolkit? It is a comprehensive guide that is prepared for policy-makers both at the sending and receiving international assistance. The guide is legally non-binding. It is mentioned in preliminary information of the toolkit that it does not create any legal relations or have any legal consequences. The toolkit does not in any way replace or seek to contradict regional binding instrument, specifically ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) and ASEAN Standard Operating Procedure for Regional Standby Arrangement and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief and Emergency Response Operations (SASOP).
It is also stated in the preliminary information that the toolkit does not capture or intend to duplicate information on bilateral requests and offers for international disaster response to and from any of the United Nations bodies. One of references regarding with rapid disaster response from UN can be found in the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Handbook.
A background of the toolkit is to recognize the need for a planned and coordinated approach to the management of offers and requests for international disaster assistance, including the provision and reception rapid response during emergency period. The rapid disaster response covers not only based on immediate basic needs but also goods, services, personnel and financial support. Meanwhile, rapid disaster response refers to the time between when a disaster is first perceived (before or after impact) and when the government of the affected country declares an end to disaster response.
The toolkit assists disaster management officials at an affected country to make decision, regarding with
- preparing and readying for the consequences of a disaster nationally and in the region
- requesting, receiving and managing offers from Assisting Countries
- rapidly providing disaster response to an Affected Country
- rapidly facilitating the transit of goods and personnel where relevant.
The Toolkit contains three tools aimed at improving rapid disaster response capability and cooperation across EAS countries. The tools are as follow.
Tool 1 – National Focal Point Table. It provides key contact information for officials from each EAS participating country that have responsibility for managing offers and requests for international disaster assistance. The EAS participating countries are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, LAO PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, Australia, People’s Republic of China, Republic of India, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, and United States of America.
Tool 2 – Guidance for Rapid Disaster Response. This is a reference guide for disaster management decision makers across the EAS. It outlines key issues for decision makers to consider when readying for rapidly responding to a disaster in the region.
Tool 3 – EAS Country Disaster Response Arrangement. This part outlines the rapid disaster response arrangement for each EAS participating countries, such as key information for decision makers on the arrangement each participating country has in place for the reception and provision of rapid disaster response.
The East Asia Summit Rapid Disaster Response Toolkit has been prepared by Emergency Management Australia and BNPB, Indonesia, in collaboration with relevant agencies from all 18 East Asia Summit participating countries and in consultation with the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM).