Hawaii is the 50th state of the United States of America. Hawaii is the state located in the Pacific and in the form of islands. The state in form of islands consists of Ni’ihau, Kaua’i, O’ahu, Moloka’i, Kaho’olawe, Maui, and Hawaii. Hawaii is the biggest island in the state. But the most populated island is in O’ahu Island or called as ‘Gathering Place.’
Have you ever visited Buru Island? Buru is an island as part of Maluku Province in Indonesia. It is well-known since the island was the site of political prisoners in 1960s-1970s under Soeharto regime. Pramoedya Ananta Toer was one of the political prisoners who experienced living in this island. He was known as the writer of Buru Quartet. Until now, we can still meet some people who used to be political prisoners in Waeapo and some other places in Buru. These people decided to stay in Buru even though the Government had released them in 1970s. Buildings and huts set as prisons have been ruined and been placed by housings. But we can find a memorial statue of the killing warder by political prisoners in Waeapo. For the historical record, political prisoners have pioneered education for indigenous people of Buru.
Most of us may not know that ASEAN has a special team that is always ready when needed by the affected countries the disaster. Association of Southeast Asian Nations Emergency Response and Assessment Team or ASEAN ERAT is a team that is equipped with specialized knowledge and skills during emergency response, such as rapid assessment, coordination and resource mobilization, and facilitating humanitarian assistance. A team from the ASEAN countries have a role in disaster response quickly.
Indonesia is a prone country to natural disasters. Number of the natural disasters tends to increase every year, particularly hydro-meteorological disasters. Hydro-meteorological disasters that often occur are as tornado, flood, landslide, severe weather and drought. On the other side, Indonesia has potential as well to geological disasters, such as earthquake and volcano eruption. These are potential threat to more than 200 million population. Indonesia which has about 13.000 islands is not only surrounded by active tectonic plates but also ranks of active volcanoes in the world, part of the ring of fire. In term of volcano eruption, Indonesia National Authority for Disaster Management (BNPB) states that the natural phenomena of volcano eruption threatens around 3.8 million population (Nugroho, 2012).
Entering a restricted area of military air force base, there is a depot or logistics warehouse where the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) stores humanitarian relief. Big shelves are placed in the warehouse with various kinds of relief items. ASEAN logo is plugged in one of the selves where the items are ready to be delivered at any time. The warehouse that is located in Subang, Malaysia is able to maximize for delivery process within five until eight hours to all parts in ASEAN region. ASEAN Coordinator Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre) with support from the Government of Japan has built the Disaster Emergency Logistics System for ASEAN or DELSA project for emergency relief in ASEAN region.
A jargon 20 – 20 – 20 was initiated by the researcher team of Waves Jave and the Local Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of Pacitan due to preparedness of local community towards earthquake and tsunami. Based on a research in Pacitan District, the jargon 20 – 20 – 20 has been socialized widely to the local community. BPBD Pacitan and its stakeholders take a lead in socializing the jargon.